GIS in Disaster Management



GIS in Disaster Management

GIS stands for geographical information system. It helps in navigating the directions,locating the places,measuring the distance. In respect of the Locations,Directions one can make every possible use of GIS. GIS is useful for various sectors like Government, Travels and tourism, and many more. Disaster management system also uses the GIS as to make us aware about any kind of natural disaster like flood, earthquake, cyclone etc. So let us check the usage of GIS in Disaster Management.

GIS in Disaster Management:

Before knowing The importance of GIS in Disaster management, lets  understand what disaster management is and how it is useful for the society.

What is Disaster management ?

Disaster Management is a sector which serves the society by making them aware of the possibilities  of  any natural calamities . They make a proper plan of rescue and evacuation.

How GIS is useful in disaster management :

Now That we had a brief of disaster management, lets discuss how would they make use of GIS in their working. GIS is helping every sector and so does it with the Disaster management. So lets first see the primary work of the Disaster management sector. Then later on we will  discuss how GIS helps them to fulfill their primary duties.

Primary Responsibilities of Disaster management :

following are the primary responsibilities of disaster management :

  • Know about the disaster prone area.
  • Planning safety measures.
  • Planning rescue and evacuation.
  • Rehabilitation And post disaster management

These are the main functions of the Disaster management. Now lets learn more about them in a brief .

Disaster Prone Area :

The first and the foremost task of Disaster management is to identify the disaster prone areas of a country.

With the help of GIS, Managers can Identify the areas which are likely to be affected by any disaster, this can be based on the previous data .

Disaster Prone Area - GIS in Disaster management

Planning safety measures :

The another responsibility of the Disaster management is to take the safety measures and making people aware of these measures. Disaster management department plans the safety measures with the help of maps or any GIS tool in the following way :

  • Creation of the maps for different disasters : As we know we can create the personalized maps, so you can use any GIS tool to create different maps for the different regions according to the nature of the disaster.
  • Planning the pre disaster things : Pre disaster thing like identifying number of construction site and the safety measures are identified on the basis of the past data by locating on the maps, and by researching the areas where adversity is highly likely to happen.
  • Identifying the medicals and hospitals for treatment nearby : One can identify the nearby hospitals for the treatment of the victims.

planning - GIS in Disaster management

Planning rescue and evacuation :

Disaster management plans the rescue and evacuation of the people, who get stuck in the calamity. GIS helps in planning the evacuation and rescue route, whether it should be by road, by water or by air whichever will be the safest.

GIS will help to Find out the alternate ways to shelters,camps  one can easily look for the nearby places where shelters and camps can be organized with the help of map.

rescue - GIS in Disaster management

Rehabilitation and post disaster management :

Disaster  management sector make plans for the rehabilitation of the place and people post the occurrence of the disaster.

GIS will help Identifying the safe location for rehabilitation that are locations as well as zones for the rehabilitation of the victims nearby the affected place. for getting the mapping of the whole affected area we will be using GIS in Disaster Management.

How GIS helps in performing the primary functions :-

GIS is a geographical information system which gives the geographical information to the consumers. so now that we have been through the primary functions of the disaster management sector, and how they use GIS in Disaster Management for performing their function.

So GIS helps them to identify the areas which are disaster prone, How they can plan the rescue and evacuation of the affected people in any area. How to rehabilitate the area and region and managing the post disaster conditions. Thereafter, they also take the safety measures in order to prevent the highly effected  area and people. As we know that ‘Precaution is always better than cure’.

So, This is how Disaster Management is using GIS for performing their tasks more efficiently. Using GIS in Disaster Management is one of the best method to have some control over the calamities.  Do let us know how this Article is helpful for you, by commenting below in the comment box.

 

Author: Akshay Upadhyay

Owner and Director of a Private Limited company which serves individual to large scale industries in the field of Maps and GIS. He is a Gold Medalist in M.Tech(Spatial Information Technology) and owns some famous Technology blogs and website... Know more